Parametric assessment of a building active façade by means of a combined metallic sandwich panel with an unglazed solar collector

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EDP Sciences
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The building sector has a poor performance in terms of energy efficiency and is looking for alternatives to reduce the use of fossil fuels on building use stage. Renewables are unlimited and solar thermal energy is a technology with a demonstrated potential. The façade is a key element able to harness renewable energy coming from the sun becoming in an Active Solar Thermal Façade (ASTF). The main purpose of this study is the development of a parametric study using a numerical model to analyze the behavior of an unglazed solar collector. Thus, evaluating different design and meteorological parameters to show their influence on the heat transfer and the efficiency. The study shows that solar irradiation and mass flow are the most influential on thermal difference. However, for the efficiency ambient temperature and inlet temperature both are the most influencing ones. In brief, a set of parameters have a significant influence on the behavior of the ASTF that are fully governed by environmental conditions. Nevertheless, there are some other parameters that can be controlled during the operation. The challenge is to make a continuous configuration of this adaptable values depending on the external situation to achieve a higher performance for the ASTF.
Elguezabal, Peru, Alex Lopez, Jesús María Blanco, and José Antonio Chica. “Parametric Assessment of a Building Active Façade by Means of a Combined Metallic Sandwich Panel with an Unglazed Solar Collector.” Edited by R. Černý, J. Kočí, and V. Kočí. MATEC Web of Conferences 282 (2019): 02046. doi:10.1051/matecconf/201928202046.