Evolutionary Multitask Optimization: a Methodological Overview, Challenges, and Future Research Directions

Thumbnail Image
Publication date
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Google Scholar
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
In this work, we consider multitasking in the context of solving multiple optimization problems simultaneously by conducting a single search process. The principal goal when dealing with this scenario is to dynamically exploit the existing complementarities among the problems (tasks) being optimized, helping each other through the exchange of valuable knowledge. Additionally, the emerging paradigm of evolutionary multitasking tackles multitask optimization scenarios by using biologically inspired concepts drawn from swarm intelligence and evolutionary computation. The main purpose of this survey is to collect, organize, and critically examine the abundant literature published so far in evolutionary multitasking, with an emphasis on the methodological patterns followed when designing new algorithmic proposals in this area (namely, multifactorial optimization and multipopulation-based multitasking). We complement our critical analysis with an identification of challenges that remain open to date, along with promising research directions that can leverage the potential of biologically inspired algorithms for multitask optimization. Our discussions held throughout this manuscript are offered to the audience as a reference of the general trajectory followed by the community working in this field in recent times, as well as a self-contained entry point for newcomers and researchers interested to join this exciting research avenue.
Osaba, E., Del Ser, J., Martinez, A.D. et al. Evolutionary Multitask Optimization: a Methodological Overview, Challenges, and Future Research Directions. Cogn Comput 14, 927–954 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12559-022-10012-8