Bone cell adhesion on ion implanted titanium alloys
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The authors have previously reported than ion implantation can have a significant effect on osseointegration of an implant, specially when the latter is introduced in areas of poorer bone density. These results indicate that this process is particularly suited for implant devices introduced in elderly patients or in those regions that have a poor quality of bone. The aim of this work is directed to study osteoblast adhesion on Ti alloy surfaces with different ion implantation treatments, so osseoconductive properties of several surfaces can be assessed. Polished discs of Ti–6Al–4V and Ti CP GR1 titanium alloy have been prepared and ion implanted with different species and parameters (dose and energy). Afterwards, the samples have been sterilized by UV light, inoculated with 1.5×105 human bone cells and incubated during 4 h at 37 C and 5% CO2 atmosphere. Then, once fixed and rinsed, image analysis has been used to quantify the number of cells attached to the Ti discs. On a second round ...