Evolutionary Multitask Optimization: a Methodological Overview, Challenges, and Future Research Directions
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Multifactorial evolutionary algorithm
In this work, we consider multitasking in the context of solving multiple optimization problems simultaneously by conducting a single search process. The principal goal when dealing with this scenario is to dynamically exploit the existing complementarities among the problems (tasks) being optimized, helping each other through the exchange of valuable knowledge. Additionally, the emerging paradigm of evolutionary multitasking tackles multitask optimization scenarios by using biologically inspired concepts drawn from swarm intelligence and evolutionary computation. The main purpose of this survey is to collect, organize, and critically examine the abundant literature published so far in evolutionary multitasking, with an emphasis on the methodological patterns followed when designing new algorithmic proposals in this area (namely, multifactorial optimization and multipopulation-based multitasking). We complement our critical analysis with an identification of challenges that remain open ...