Substation-Aware. An intrusion detection system for the IEC 61850 protocol.
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The number of cyberattacks against the Smart Grid has increased in the last years. Considered as a critical infrastructure, power system operators must improve the cybersecurity countermeasures of their installations. Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) appears as a promising solution to detect hidden activity of the hackers before launching the attack. Most detection tools are generalist, designed to find predefined patterns such as frequency of messages, well-known malware packets, source and destination of the messages or the content of each packet itself. These tools also allow plugging modules for different protocols, offering a better understanding of the analysed data, such as the protocol action (read, write, reset...) or data model/schema understanding. However, the semantics of the data transmitted cannot be inferred. The Substation-Aware (SBT-Aware) tool adds the latest feature for primary and secondary substations, taking into account not only the protocols defined in the IEC ...