The role of probiotics in nutritional health: probiotics as nutribiotics
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Author/sChávarri, María; Diez-Gutiérrez, Lucía; Marañón, Izaskun; del Carmen Villarán, María; Barrón, Luis Javier R.
Microbiota gut–brain axis
The gut microbiota has gained importance through the years due to its significant influences on the maintenance of human health. A wide variety of microorganisms shape this gut microbiota, which preserves health with the modulation of the immune system, enhancement of the nutrients absorption, or the protection against pathogens’ colonization. The disruption of this microenvironment triggers the development of health problems leading to several diseases, such as nutritional health problems. The preservation and restoration of this microbiota is a key factor to maintain the natural body homeostasis. According to nutritional health problems, a long list of probiotics and postmiotic has been classified as nutribiotics due to their potential to improve the nutritional status of people. Likewise, nutribiotics should be properly protected and supply using an adequate encapsulation technique. Furthermore, the rising interest in this kind of products is producing the expansion of the current ...