|dc.description.abstract||Safety-critical systems, those whose failure could end up in loss or injuries to people or the environment, are required to go through laborious and expensive certification processes. These systems have also increased their complexity and as it has already been done in other domains, they have applied component-based system developments to deal with complexity. However, components are difficult to assess as certification is done at system level and not at component level. Compositional certification approach proposes to get incremental credit by accepting that a specific component complies with specific standard’s requirements and it is correctly integrated. The objective is to support integration of new components while the previously integrated components do not need to work for re-acceptance.
We propose (1) the use of assurance modelling techniques to provide us the mechanism to understand the common basis of standards shared by different domains such as the avionics, automotive and the medical devices design.
We propose (2) an assurance decomposition methodology offering guidance and modelling mechanisms to decompose the responsibilities associated with the life-cycle of safety-critical components. This methodology ensures a hierarchy of assurance and certification projects where the responsibilities and project tasks can be specified and its accomplishment can be assessed to determine the compliance of functional safety standards.
Assurance decomposition supports the reuse of components as it guides us not just for standards compliance but specifically on the understanding and tailoring of those standards for component assurance and support when those components are integrated into the final system.
We propose (3) a contract-based approach to support the integration of reused components and at the same time, the proposal supports the identification of assumptions, a very laborious and time consuming task. Assurance Contracts are defined to ensure incremental compliance once the components are integrated. The objective of this assurance contracts is to ensure the overall compliance of the system with the selected standards and reference documents such as guidelines or advisory circulars.
The defined approach to assurance contracts specification attempts to balance the need for unambiguity on the composition while maintaining the heterogeneity of the information managed. The claims classification offers an easy method to support the assessment of contract completeness and the structured expressions provide a semi-formal language to specify the assumptions and guarantees of a component.
This work has been mainly framed in a European collaborative research projects such as OPENCOSS a Large-scale integrating project (IP) with 17 partners from 9 countries to develop a platform for safety assurance and certification of safety-critical systems (compliance with standards, robust argumentation, evidence management, process transparency), SAFEADAPT an FP7 project with 9 partners and RECOMP an ARTEMIS project..
The results of this work have been presented to the standardization group of the Object Management Group responsible for the SACM (Structured Assurance Case Metamodel) standard specification, which currently discusses its inclusion in future versions.
The (4) tools presented and used in this work have been included in the results of an open tool platform developed within the OPENCOSS project that is being released in PolarSys. PolarSys is an Eclipse Industry Working Group created by large industry players and by tools providers to collaborate on the creation and support of Open Source tools for the development of embedded systems.||en