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dc.contributor.authorCarreno-Madinabeitia, Sheila
dc.contributor.authorIbarra-Berastegi, Gabriel
dc.contributor.authorSáenz, Jon
dc.contributor.authorZorita, Eduardo
dc.contributor.authorUlazia, Alain
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-13T10:13:49Z
dc.date.available2020-01-13T10:13:49Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationCarreno-Madinabeitia, Sheila, Gabriel Ibarra-Berastegi, Jon Sáenz, Eduardo Zorita, and Alain Ulazia. “Sensitivity Studies for a Hybrid Numerical–Statistical Short-Term Wind and Gust Forecast at Three Locations in the Basque Country (Spain).” Atmosphere 11, no. 1 (December 29, 2019): 45. doi:10.3390/atmos11010045.en
dc.identifier.issn2073-4433en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/850
dc.description.abstractThis study evaluates the performance of statistical models applied to the output of numerical models for short-term (1–24 h) hourly wind forecasts at three locations in the Basque Country. The target variables are horizontal wind components and the maximum wind gust at 3 h intervals. Statistical approaches such as persistence, analogues, linear regression, and random forest (RF) are used. The verification statistics used are coefficient of determination (R2) and root mean square error (RMSE). Statistical models use three inputs: (1) Local wind observations; (2) extended EOFs (empirical orthogonal functions) derived from past local observations and ERA-Interim variables in a previous 24-h period covering a domain around the area of study; and (3) wind forecasts provided by ERA-Interim. Results indicate that, for horizons less than 1–4 h, persistence is the best model. For longer predictions, RF provides the best forecasts. For horizontal components at 4–24 h horizons, RF slightly outperformed ERA-Interim wind forecasts. For gust, RF performs better than ERA-Interim for all the horizons. Persistence is the most influential factor for 2–5 h. Beyond this horizon, predictors from the ERA-Interim wind forecasts led the contribution. Hybrid numerical–statistical methods can be used to improve short-term wind forecasts.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Spanish Government, MINECO project CGL2016-76561-R (MINECO/EU ERDF), and the University of the Basque Country (project GIU17/02).en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherMDPI AGen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleSensitivity Studies for a Hybrid Numerical–Statistical Short-Term Wind and Gust Forecast at Three Locations in the Basque Country (Spain)en
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/atmos11010045en
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsShort-term forecasten
dc.subject.keywordsWinden
dc.subject.keywordsStatistical forecasten
dc.subject.keywordsRandom foresten
dc.subject.keywordsERA-Interimen
dc.subject.keywordsPersistenceen
dc.issue.number1en
dc.journal.titleAtmosphereen
dc.page.initial45en
dc.volume.number11en


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