PBI mixed matrix hollow fiber membrane: Influence of ZIF-8 filler over H2/CO2 separation performance at high temperature and pressure
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Author/sEtxeberria-Benavides, Miren; Johnson, Timothy; Cao, Shuai; Zornoza, Beatriz; Coronas, Joaquín; [et al.]
Hollow fiber spinning
Mixed matrix membrane
High performance and commercially attractive mixed-matrix membranes were developed for H2/CO2 separation via a scalable hollow fiber spinning process. Thin (~300 nm) and defect-free selective layers were successfully created with a uniform distribution of the nanosized (~60 nm) zeolitic-imidazole framework (ZIF-8) filler within the polymer (polybenzimidazole, PBI) matrix. These membranes were able to operate at high temperature (150 °C) and pressure (up to 30 bar) process conditions required in treatment of pre-combustion and syngas process gas streams. Compared with neat PBI hollow fibers, filler incorporation into the polymer matrix leads to a strong increase in H2 permeance from 65 GPU to 107 GPU at 150 °C and 7 bar, while the ideal H2/CO2 selectivity remained constant at 18. For mixed gas permeation, there is competition between H2 and CO2 transport inside ZIF-8 structure. Adsorption of CO2 in the nanocavities of the filler suppresses the transport of the faster permeating H2 and ...