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dc.contributor.authorLobaccaro, G.
dc.contributor.authorAcero, J.A.
dc.contributor.authorSanchez, G.
dc.contributor.authorPadro, A.
dc.contributor.authorLaburu, T.
dc.contributor.authorFernandez, G.
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-11T10:11:10Z
dc.date.available2019-10-11T10:11:10Z
dc.date.issued2019-09
dc.identifier.citationLobaccaro, G.; Acero, J.A.; Sanchez Martinez, G.; Padro, A.; Laburu, T.; Fernandez, G. Effects of Orientations, Aspect Ratios, Pavement Materials and Vegetation Elements on Thermal Stress inside Typical Urban Canyons. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3574.en
dc.identifier.issn1661-7827en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/773
dc.description.abstractThe analysis of local climate conditions to test artificial urban boundaries and related climate hazards through modelling tools should become a common practice to inform public authorities about the benefits of planning alternatives. Different finishing materials and sheltering objects within urban canyons (UCs) can be tested, predicted and compared through quantitative and qualitative understanding of the relationships between the microclimatic environment and subjective thermal assessment. This process can work as support planning instrument in the early design phases as has been done in this study that aims to analyze the thermal stress within typical UCs of Bilbao (Spain) in summertime through the evaluation of Physiologically Equivalent Temperature using ENVI-met. The UCs are characterized by different orientations, height-to-width aspect ratios, pavement materials, trees’ dimensions and planting pattern. Firstly, the current situation was analyzed; secondly, the effects of asphalt and red brick stones as streets’ pavement materials were compared; thirdly, the benefits of vegetation elements were tested. The analysis demonstrated that orientation and aspect ratio strongly affect the magnitude and duration of the thermal peaks at pedestrian level; while the vegetation elements improve the thermal comfort up to two thermophysiological assessment classes. The outcomes of this study, were transferred and visualized into green planning recommendations for new and consolidated urban areas in Bilbao.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe work leading to these results has received funding from COST Action TU0902, the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme under Grant Agreement No. 308497, Project RAMSES—Reconciling Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development for Cities (2012–2017) and Diputación Foral de Bizkaia Exp. 6-12-TK-2010-0027, Project SICURB-ITS- Desarrollo de Sistemas para el análisis de la Contaminación atmosférica en zonas URBanas integrados en ITS (2010–2011).en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)en
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleEffects of Orientations, Aspect Ratios, Pavement Materials and Vegetation Elements on Thermal Stress inside Typical Urban Canyonsen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph16193574en
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/308497/EU/Reconciling Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development for Cities/RAMSESen
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsOutdoor thermal comforten
dc.subject.keywordsPETen
dc.subject.keywordsENVI-meten
dc.subject.keywordsUrban canyonen
dc.subject.keywordsCoastalen
dc.subject.keywordsMid-latitude regionsen
dc.identifier.essn1660-4601en
dc.issue.number19en
dc.journal.titleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen
dc.page.initial3574en
dc.volume.number16en


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