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dc.contributor.authorUlazia, Alain
dc.contributor.authorSáenz, Jon
dc.contributor.authorIbarra-Berastegui, Gabriel
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Rojí, Santos J.
dc.contributor.authorCarreno-Madinabeitia, Sheila
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-24T07:55:47Z
dc.date.available2019-09-24T07:55:47Z
dc.date.issued2017-12-15
dc.identifier.citationUlazia, Alain, Jon Sáenz, Gabriel Ibarra-Berastegui, Santos J. González-Rojí, and Sheila Carreno-Madinabeitia. “Using 3DVAR Data Assimilation to Measure Offshore Wind Energy Potential at Different Turbine Heights in the West Mediterranean.” Applied Energy 208 (December 2017): 1232–1245. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.09.030.en
dc.identifier.issn0306-2619en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/766
dc.description.abstractIn this article, offshore wind energy potential is measured around the Iberian Mediterranean coast and the Balearic Islands using the WRF meteorological model without 3DVAR data assimilation (the N simulation) and with 3DVAR data assimilation (the D simulation). Both simulations have been checked against the observations of six buoys and a spatially distributed analysis of wind based on satellite data (second version of Cross-Calibrated Multi-Platform, CCMPv2), and compared with ERA-Interim (ERAI). Three statistical indicators have been used: Pearson’s correlation, root mean square error and the ratio of standard deviations. The simulation with data assimilation provides the best fit, and it is as good as ERAI, in many cases at a 95% confidence level. Although ERAI is the best model, in the spatially distributed evaluation versus CCMPv2 the D simulation has more consistent indicators than ERAI near the buoys. Additionally, our simulation’s spatial resolution is five times higher than ERAI. Finally, regarding the estimation of wind energy potential, we have represented the annual and seasonal capacity factor maps over the study area, and our results have identified two areas of high potential to the north of Menorca and at Cabo Begur, where the wind energy potential has been estimated for three turbines at different heights according to the simulation with data assimilation.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work has been funded by the Spanish Government’s MINECO project CGL2016-76561-R (MINECO/FEDER EU), the University of theBasque Country (project GIU14/03) and the Basque Government (Elkartek 2017 INFORMAR project). SJGR is supported by a FPIPredoctoral Research Grant (MINECO, BES-2014-069977). The ECMWFERA-Interim data used in this study have been obtained from the ECMWF-MARS Data Server thanks to agreements with ECMWF and AEMET. The authors would like to express their gratitude to the Spanish Port Authorities (Puertos del Estado) for kindly providing data for thisstudy. The computational resources used in the project were providedby I2BASQUE. The authors thank the creators of the WRF/ARW and WRFDA systems for making them freely available to the community. NOAA_OI_SST_V2 data provided by the NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD,Boulder, Colorado, USA, through their web-site athttp://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/was used in this paper. National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Weather Service/NOAA/U.S.Department of Commerce. 2008, updated daily. NCEP ADP GlobalUpper Air and Surface Weather Observations (PREPBUFR format), May1997–Continuing. Research Data Archive at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory.http://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds337.0/were used. All thecalculations have been carried out in the framework of R Core Team(2016). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. RFoundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URLhttps://www.R-project.org/.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherElsevier Ltden
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.titleUsing 3DVAR data assimilation to measure offshore wind energy potential at different turbine heights in the West Mediterraneanen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.09.030en
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsOffshore wind energy potentialen
dc.subject.keywordsWRFen
dc.subject.keywordsWRFDAen
dc.subject.keywordsData assimilationen
dc.subject.keywordsMesoscale modelen
dc.subject.keywordsFluid mechanicsen
dc.journal.titleApplied Energyen
dc.page.final1245en
dc.page.initial1232en
dc.volume.number208en


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