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dc.contributor.authorUlazia, Alain
dc.contributor.authorNafarrate, Ander
dc.contributor.authorIbarra-Berastegi, Gabriel
dc.contributor.authorSáenz, Jon
dc.contributor.authorCarreno-Madinabeitia, Sheila
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-17T11:57:35Z
dc.date.available2019-07-17T11:57:35Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationUlazia, Alain, Ander Nafarrate, Gabriel Ibarra-Berastegi, Jon Sáenz, and Sheila Carreno-Madinabeitia. “The Consequences of Air Density Variations over Northeastern Scotland for Offshore Wind Energy Potential.” Energies 12, no. 13 (July 9, 2019): 2635. doi:10.3390/en12132635.en
dc.identifier.issn1996-1073en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/744
dc.description.abstractHywind-Scotland is a wind farm in Scotland that for many reasons is at the leading edge of technology and is located at a paradigmatic study area for offshore wind energy assessment. The objective of this paper is to compute the Capacity Factor ( CF ) changes and instantaneous power generation changes due to seasonal and hourly fluctuations in air density. For that reason, the novel ERA5 reanalysis is used as a source of temperature, pressure, and wind speed data. Seasonal results for winter show that CF values increase by 3% due to low temperatures and denser air, with economical profit consequences of tens of thousands (US$). Hourly results show variations of 7% in air density and of 26% in power generation via FAST simulations, emphasizing the need to include air density in short-term wind energy studying.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was financially supported by the Spanish Government through the MINECO project CGL2016-76561-R, (MINECO/ERDF, UE) and the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU, GIU 17/002). ERA5 hindcast data were downloaded at no cost from the Copernicus Climate Data Store. All the calculations and plots were made using R: https://www.r-project.org.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleThe Consequences of Air Density Variations over Northeastern Scotland for Offshore Wind Energy Potentialen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/en12132635en
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsERA5en
dc.subject.keywordsAir densityen
dc.subject.keywordsOffshore wind energyen
dc.subject.keywordsFASTen
dc.subject.keywordsScotlanden
dc.issue.number13en
dc.journal.titleEnergiesen
dc.page.initial2635en
dc.volume.number12en


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