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dc.contributor.authorReckien, D.
dc.contributor.authorSalvia, M.
dc.contributor.authorPietrapertosa, F.
dc.contributor.authorSimoes, S.G.
dc.contributor.authorOlazabal, M.
dc.contributor.authorDe Gregorio Hurtado, S.
dc.contributor.authorGeneletti, D.
dc.contributor.authorKrkoška Lorencová, E.
dc.contributor.authorD'Alonzo, V.
dc.contributor.authorKrook-Riekkola, A.
dc.contributor.authorFokaides, P.A.
dc.contributor.authorIoannou, B.I.
dc.contributor.authorFoley, A.
dc.contributor.authorOrru, H.
dc.contributor.authorOrru, K.
dc.contributor.authorWejs, A.
dc.contributor.authorFlacke, J.
dc.contributor.authorChurch, J.M.
dc.contributor.authorFeliu, E.
dc.contributor.authorVasilie, S.
dc.contributor.authorNador, C.
dc.contributor.authorMatosović, M.
dc.contributor.authorFlamos, A.
dc.contributor.authorSpyridaki, N.-A.
dc.contributor.authorBalzan, M.V.
dc.contributor.authorFülöp, O.
dc.contributor.authorGrafakos, S.
dc.contributor.authorPaspaldzhiev, I.
dc.contributor.authorHeidrich, O.
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-17T10:39:47Z
dc.date.available2019-07-17T10:39:47Z
dc.date.issued2019-09
dc.identifier.citationReckien, D., M. Salvia, F. Pietrapertosa, S.G. Simoes, M. Olazabal, S. De Gregorio Hurtado, D. Geneletti, et al. “Dedicated Versus Mainstreaming Approaches in Local Climate Plans in Europe.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 112 (September 2019): 948–959. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2019.05.014.en
dc.identifier.issn1364-0321en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/743
dc.description.abstractCities are gaining prominence committing to respond to the threat of climate change, e.g., by developing local climate plans or strategies. However, little is known regarding the approaches and processes of plan development and implementation, or the success and effectiveness of proposed measures. Mainstreaming is regarded as one approach associated with (implementation) success, but the extent of integration of local climate policies and plans in ongoing sectoral and/or development planning is unclear. This paper analyses 885 cities across the 28 European countries to create a first reference baseline on the degree of climate mainstreaming in local climate plans. This will help to compare the benefits of mainstreaming versus dedicated climate plans, looking at policy effectiveness and ultimately delivery of much needed climate change efforts at the city level. All core cities of the European Urban Audit sample were analyzed, and their local climate plans classified as dedicated or mainstreamed in other local policy initiatives. It was found that the degree of mainstreaming is low for mitigation (9% of reviewed cities; 12% of the identified plans) and somewhat higher for adaptation (10% of cities; 29% of plans). In particular horizontal mainstreaming is a major effort for local authorities; an effort that does not necessarily pay off in terms of success of action implementation. This study concludes that climate change issues in local municipalities are best tackled by either, developing a dedicated local climate plan in parallel to a mainstreamed plan or by subsequently developing first the dedicated and later a mainstreaming plan (joint or subsequent “dual track approach”). Cities that currently provide dedicated local climate plans (66% of cities for mitigation; 26% of cities for adaptation) may follow-up with a mainstreaming approach. This promises effective implementation of tangible climate actions as well as subsequent diffusion of climate issues into other local sector policies. The development of only broad sustainability or resilience strategies is seen as critical.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank the many council representatives that supported the datacollection. Special thanks to Birgit Georgi who helped in setting up this large net work of researchers across the EU-28. We also thank the EU COST Action TU 0902 (ledbyRichardDawson) that established the core research network and the positive engagement and interaction of th emembers of this group. OH is Fellow of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research and was funded by the UK EPSRC LC Transforms: Low Carbon Transitions of Fleet Operations in Metropolitan Sites Project (grant number EP/N010612/1). EKL was supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, Czechia, within the National Sustainability Program I (NPU I) (grant number LO1415). DG ac-knowledges support by the Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR), Italy ("Departments of Excellence" grant L. 232/2016). HO was supported by the Ministry of Education and Research, Estonia (grantnumberIUT34-17). MO acknowledges funding from the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO), Spain (grant number IJCI-2016-28835). SS acknowledges that CENSE's research is partially funded by the Science Foundation, Portugal (grant number UID/AMB/04085/2019). The paper reflects only the views of the authors. The European Union, the European Environment Agency or other supporting bodies are not liable for any use that may be made of the information that is provided in this manuscript.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherElsevier Ltden
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.titleDedicated versus mainstreaming approaches in local climate plans in Europeen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.rser.2019.05.014en
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsLocal climate policy/ planningen
dc.subject.keywordsMitigationen
dc.subject.keywordsAdaptationen
dc.subject.keywordsUrban areas/ citiesen
dc.subject.keywordsUrban auditen
dc.subject.keywordsEuropeen
dc.subject.keywordsEU-28en
dc.subject.keywordsMainstreamingen
dc.subject.keywordsMitigation/ adaptation trackingen
dc.subject.keywordsMitigation/ adaptation stocktakingen
dc.subject.keywordsMonetoring and evaluation (M&E)en
dc.journal.titleRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviewsen
dc.page.final959en
dc.page.initial948en
dc.volume.number112en


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