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dc.contributor.authorBloise Thomaz, Tianna
dc.contributor.authorCrooks, David
dc.contributor.authorMedina-Lopez, Encarni
dc.contributor.authorvan Velzen, Leonore
dc.contributor.authorJeffrey, Henry
dc.contributor.authorLopez Mendia, Joseba
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez Arias, Raul
dc.contributor.authorRuiz Minguela, Pablo
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-16T09:32:16Z
dc.date.available2019-07-16T09:32:16Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationBloise Thomaz, Tianna, David Crooks, Encarni Medina-Lopez, Leonore van Velzen, Henry Jeffrey, Joseba Lopez Mendia, Raul Rodriguez Arias, and Pablo Ruiz Minguela. “O&M Models for Ocean Energy Converters: Calibrating through Real Sea Data.” Energies 12, no. 13 (June 27, 2019): 2475. doi:10.3390/en12132475.en
dc.identifier.issn1996-1073en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/738
dc.description.abstractOf the cost centres that combine to result in Levelised Cost of Energy (LCOE), O&M costs play a significant part. Several developers have calculated component costs, demonstrating how they can become commercially competitive with other forms of renewable energy. However, there are uncertainties relating to the O&M figures that can only be reduced through lessons learned at sea. This work presents an O&M model calibrated with data from real sea experience of a wave energy device deployed at the Biscay Marine energy Platform (BiMEP): the OPERA O&M Model. Two additional case studies, utilising two other O&M calculation methodologies, are presented for comparison with the OPERA O&M Model. The second case study assumes the inexistence of an O&M model, utilising a Simplified Approach. The third case study applies DTOcean’s (a design tool for ocean energy arrays) O&M module. The results illustrate the potential advantages of utilising real sea data for the calibration and development of an O&M model. The Simplified Approach was observed to overestimate LCOE when compared to the OPERA O&M Model. This work also shows that O&M models can be used for the definition of optimal maintenance plans to assist with OPEX reduction.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors are grateful to the European commission for funding the OPERA and EnFAIT projects as part of the Horizon 2020 framework. The authors also thankful to Oceantec-Idom for providing feedback to OPERA model’s inputs. A special thanks to Shona Pennock and Donald Noble for their diligent proofreading of this paper.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherMDPI AGen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleO&M Models for Ocean Energy Converters: Calibrating through Real Sea Dataen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/en12132475en
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/745862/EU/Enabling Future Arrays in Tidal/EnFAITen
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/654444/EU/Open Sea Operating Experience to Reduce Wave Energy Cost/OPERAen
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsOcean energyen
dc.subject.keywordsReal sea experienceen
dc.subject.keywordsOperating dataen
dc.subject.keywordsEconomic modelen
dc.subject.keywordsO&M modelen
dc.subject.keywordsArray modelling toolen
dc.issue.number13en
dc.journal.titleEnergiesen
dc.page.initial2475en
dc.volume.number12en


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