Electrosynthesis of 2,3-butanediol and methyl ethyl ketone from acetoin in flow cells
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Author/sOchoa-Gómez, José R.; Fernández-Carretero, Francisco; Río-Pérez, Francisca; García-Luis, Alberto; Roncal, Tomás; [et al.]
Green manufacturing processes
Acetoin could shortly become a platform molecule due to current progress in fermentation technology, the megatrend for shifting from an oil-based economy to one based on biomass, the quest for green manufacturing processes and its two highly reactive carbonyl and hydroxyl moieties. In this paper, the successful electro-conversion of acetoin into two valuable chemicals, 2,3-butandiol (2,3-BD) and methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), at constant electrical current in aqueous phase at room temperature using both divided and undivided 20 cm2 filter-press flow cells under experimental conditions suitable for industrial production is reported. Cathode material is the key parameter to drive the electroreduction towards one or another chemical. 2,3-BD is the major chemical produced by electrohydrogenation when low hydrogen overvoltage cathodes, such as Pt and Ni, of high surface area obtained by PVD coating on a carbon gas diffusion layer are used, while MEK is the principal product produced by ...