Event-related desynchronization during movement attempt and execution in severely paralyzed stroke patients: An artifact removal relevance analysis
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Author/sLópez-Larraz, Eduardo; Figueiredo, Thiago C.; Insausti-Delgado, Ainhoa; Ziemann, Ulf; Birbaumer, Niels; [et al.]
Motor cortical activity
Brain-machine interfaces (BMI)
The electroencephalogram (EEG) constitutes a relevant tool to study neural dynamics and to develop brain-machine interfaces (BMI) for rehabilitation of patients with paralysis due to stroke. However, the EEG is easily contaminated by artifacts of physiological origin, which can pollute the measured cortical activity and bias the interpretations of such data. This is especially relevant when recording EEG of stroke patients while they try to move their paretic limbs, since they generate more artifacts due to compensatory activity. In this paper, we study how physiological artifacts (i.e., eye movements, motion artifacts, muscle artifacts and compensatory movements with the other limb) can affect EEG activity of stroke patients. Data from 31 severely paralyzed stroke patients performing/attempting grasping movements with their healthy/paralyzed hand were analyzed offline. We estimated the cortical activation as the event-related desynchronization (ERD) of sensorimotor rhythms and used it ...