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dc.contributor.authorEceiza, I.
dc.contributor.authorBarrio, A.
dc.contributor.authorMartín, L.
dc.contributor.authorVeganzones, M. A.
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Berridi, M. J.
dc.contributor.authorIrusta, L.
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-05T15:30:22Z
dc.date.available2018-02-05T15:30:22Z
dc.date.issued2018-03-10
dc.identifier.citationEceiza, I., A. Barrio, L. Martín, M. A. Veganzones, M. J. Fernández-Berridi, and L. Irusta. “Thermal and Fire Behavior of Isophorone Diisocyanate Based Polyurethane Foams Containing Conventional Flame Retardants.” Journal of Applied Polymer Science 135, no. 10 (November 7, 2017): 45944. doi:10.1002/app.45944.en
dc.identifier.issn0021-8995en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/483
dc.description.abstractThis work reports on the fire behavior of isophorone diisocyanate-based polyurethane foams containing different conventional flame retardants (FRs) such as melamine, ammonium polyphosphate, aluminum hydroxide, expandable graphite, and their combinations. The foams were obtained in a laboratory scale and characterized in terms of their morphology, density, thermal stability, and fire behavior. According to atomic force microscopy, the incorporation of FRs decreased the phase separated domain size. The cellular structure of the foams was examined qualitatively by scanning electron microscopy while the quantitative analysis of the surrounding skin was performed by optical microscopy and Image J. The FR containing foams showed more and smaller cells. The thermogravimetric analysis showed that the FRs had no influence in the initial degradation temperature of the foams. However, the obtained residue values were higher than the theoretical ones, indicating that there was some type of interaction between the FRs and the foams. The fire behavior of polyurethane foams was studied by the cone calorimeter and the data showed that the introduction of expandable graphite and combinations of ammonium polyphosphate/melamine to the reference foam gave rise to a significant reduction in the total heat release. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2018, 135, 45944.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors acknowledge the University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU (UFI 11/56) and the Basque Government (IT618-13) for the funding received to develop this work.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherJohn Wiley and Sons Inc.en
dc.titleThermal and fire behavior of isophorone diisocyanate based polyurethane foams containing conventional flame retardantsen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/app.45944en
dc.rights.accessRightsembargoedAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsFlame retardanceen
dc.subject.keywordsFoamsen
dc.subject.keywordsMorphologyen
dc.subject.keywordsPolyurethaneen
dc.subject.keywordsThermogravimetric analysis (TGA)en
dc.issue.number10en
dc.journal.titleJournal of Applied Polymer Scienceen
dc.page.initial45944en
dc.volume.number135en


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