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dc.contributor.authorClark, Katherine
dc.contributor.authorvan Tongeren, Martie
dc.contributor.authorChristensen, Frans M.
dc.contributor.authorBrouwer, Derk
dc.contributor.authorNowack, Bernd
dc.contributor.authorGottschalk, Fadri
dc.contributor.authorMicheletti, Christian
dc.contributor.authorSchmid, Kaspar
dc.contributor.authorGerritsen, Rianda
dc.contributor.authorAitken, Rob
dc.contributor.authorVaquero-Moralejo, Celina
dc.contributor.authorGkanis, Vasileios
dc.contributor.authorHousiadas, Christos
dc.contributor.authorLópez de Ipiña, J.M.
dc.contributor.authorRiediker, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-17T15:49:55Z
dc.date.available2016-11-17T15:49:55Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationClark, K., van Tongeren, M., Christensen, F.M. et al. J Nanopart Res (2012) 14: 970. doi:10.1007/s11051-012-0970-xen
dc.identifier.issn1388-0764en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/343
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this paper is to describe the process and challenges in building exposure scenarios for engineered nanomaterials (ENM), using an exposure scenario format similar to that used for the European Chemicals regulation (REACH). Over 60 exposure scenarios were developed based on information from publicly available sources (literature, books, and reports), publicly available exposure estimation models, occupational sampling campaign data from partnering institutions, and industrial partners regarding their own facilities. The primary focus was on carbon-based nanomaterials, nano-silver (nano-Ag) and nano-titanium dioxide (nano-TiO2), and included occupational and consumer uses of these materials with consideration of the associated environmental release. The process of building exposure scenarios illustrated the availability and limitations of existing information and exposure assessment tools for characterizing exposure to ENM, particularly as it relates to risk assessment. This article describes the gaps in the information reviewed, recommends future areas of ENM exposure research, and proposes types of information that should, at a minimum, be included when reporting the results of such research, so that the information is useful in a wider context.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by the European Commission's 7th Framework Programme Coordination and Support Action "NANEX-Development of Exposure Scenarios for Manufactured Nanomaterials" (Grant NMP-CSA-247794).
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherSPRINGER, VAN GODEWIJCKSTRAAT 30, 3311 GZ DORDRECHT, NETHERLANDSen
dc.titleLimitations and information needs for engineered nanomaterial-specific exposure estimation and scenarios: recommendations for improved reporting practicesen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11051-012-0970-xen
dc.isiYesen
dc.rights.accessRightsembargoedAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsNanomaterialsen
dc.subject.keywordsExposure assessmenten
dc.subject.keywordsRisk assessmenten
dc.subject.keywordsModelingen
dc.subject.keywordsREACHen
dc.subject.keywordsEnvironmental and health effectsen
dc.identifier.essn1572-896X
dc.issue.number9en
dc.journal.titleJournal of Nanoparticle Researchen
dc.volume.number14en


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