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dc.contributor.authorYurramendi, Lourdes
dc.contributor.authorCaballero, Susana
dc.contributor.authorAlvarez, Noelia
dc.contributor.authorIzagirre, Usoa
dc.contributor.authorCano, F.J.
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-14T10:49:38Z
dc.date.available2016-03-14T10:49:38Z
dc.date.issued2015-03
dc.identifier.citationDYNA Volume: 90 Issue: 2 Pages: 165-173en
dc.identifier.issn1989-1490en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/151
dc.description.abstractAt present, industrial application of hard chromium electroplating is based on electrolytic baths of sulphuric acid and chromium trioxide solutions in water. Toxicological and environmental properties of these chromium (VI) baths show the convenience of searching for new CrVI free formulations. Research activities have shown that chromium metallic coatings from an ionic liquid (IL) using trivalent chromium salts can be successfully produced. A highly promising CrVI free, bright, thick and hard chromium deposition process has been developed based on an ionic liquid composed of Chromium chloride and Choline chloride. Jointly with technological properties evaluation, a methodological study on environmental risk analysis and on implications in health & safety for the referred ionic liquid bath has been carried out. With that aim, experimental tests on the basis of toxicological properties, of effects on human health and of environmental effects were conducted. Comparisons of the obtained results with the behaviour of traditional baths used for the same purpose were also accomplished, showing for the ionic liquid formulation a lower toxicity and less environmental risk than for the CrVI formulation.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherFEDERACION ASOCIACIONES INGENIEROS INDUSTRIALES ESPANA, ALAMEDA DE MAZARREDO, BILBAO, 69-48009, SPAINen
dc.titleTOXICOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROPERTIES OF A CrIII/CHOLINE CHLORIDE BASED CHROME PLATING ELECTROLYTEen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.6036/7178en
dc.isiYesen
dc.rights.accessRightsembargoedAccessen
dc.subject.keywordshard chrome platingen
dc.subject.keywordsionic liquiden
dc.subject.keywordschromium chlorideen
dc.subject.keywordscholine chlorideen
dc.subject.keywordstoxicityen
dc.subject.keywordsenvironmental propertiesen


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