Grid-Connected Energy Storage Systems: State-of-the-Art and Emerging Technologies
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Author/sFarivar, Glen G.; Manalastas, William; Tafti, Hossein Dehghani; Ceballos, Salvador; Sanchez-Ruiz, Alain; [et al.]
Battery energy storage system (BESS)
Energy storage system (ESS)
Power electronic converter
High penetration of renewable energy resources in the power system results in various new challenges for power system operators. One of the promising solutions to sustain the quality and reliability of the power system is the integration of energy storage systems (ESSs). This article investigates the current and emerging trends and technologies for grid-connected ESSs. Different technologies of ESSs categorized as mechanical, electrical, electrochemical, chemical, and thermal are briefly explained. Especially, a detailed review of battery ESSs (BESSs) is provided as they are attracting much attention owing, in part, to the ongoing electrification of transportation. Then, the services that grid-connected ESSs provide to the grid are discussed. Grid connection of the BESSs requires power electronic converters. Therefore, a survey of popular power converter topologies, including transformer-based, transformerless with distributed or common dc-link, and hybrid systems, along with some ...