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dc.contributor.authorChen, Jinlei
dc.contributor.authorWang, Sheng
dc.contributor.authorUgalde-Loo, Carlos E.
dc.contributor.authorMing, Wenlong
dc.contributor.authorAdeuyi, Oluwole D.
dc.contributor.authorD’Arco, Salvatore
dc.contributor.authorCeballos, Salvador
dc.contributor.authorParker, Max
dc.contributor.authorFinney, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorPitto, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorCirio, Diego
dc.contributor.authorAzpiri, Iñigo
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-21T09:28:52Z
dc.date.available2022-03-21T09:28:52Z
dc.date.issued2022-01-06
dc.identifier.citationChen, Jinlei, Sheng Wang, Carlos E. Ugalde-Loo, Wenlong Ming, Oluwole D. Adeuyi, Salvatore D’Arco, Salvador Ceballos, et al. “Demonstration of Converter Control Interactions in MMC-HVDC Systems.” Electronics 11, no. 2 (January 6, 2022): 175. doi:10.3390/electronics11020175.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/1298
dc.description.abstractAlthough the control of modular multi-level converters (MMCs) in high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) networks has become a mature subject these days, the potential for adverse interactions between different converter controls remains an under-researched challenge attracting the attention from both academia and industry. Even for point-to-point HVDC links (i.e., simple HVDC systems), converter control interactions may result in the shifting of system operating voltages, increased power losses, and unintended power imbalances at converter stations. To bridge this research gap, the risk of multiple cross-over of control characteristics of MMCs is assessed in this paper through mathematical analysis, computational simulation, and experimental validation. Specifically, the following point-to-point HVDC link configurations are examined: (1) one MMC station equipped with a current versus voltage droop control and the other station equipped with a constant power control; and (2) one MMC station equipped with a power versus voltage droop control and the other station equipped with a constant current control. Design guidelines for droop coefficients are provided to prevent adverse control interactions. A 60-kW MMC test-rig is used to experimentally verify the impact of multiple crossing of control characteristics of the DC system configurations, with results verified through software simulation in MATLAB/Simulink using an open access toolbox. Results show that in operating conditions of 650 V and 50 A (DC voltage and DC current), drifts of 7.7% in the DC voltage and of 10% in the DC current occur due to adverse control interactions under the current versus voltage droop and power control scheme. Similarly, drifts of 7.7% both in the DC voltage and power occur under the power versus voltage droop and current control scheme.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the EU FP7 program, through the project “BEyond State of the art Technologies for re-Powering AC corridors and multi-Terminal HVDC Systems” (BEST-PATHS), grant agreement 612748. The simulation toolbox can be downloaded from the project website at www.bestpaths-project.eu (accessed on 10 December 2021).en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)en
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleDemonstration of Converter Control Interactions in MMC-HVDC Systemsen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/electronics11020175en
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/612748/EU/BEyond State of the art Technologies for re-Powering AC corridors and multi-Terminal HVDC Systems/BEST-PATHSen
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsHVDCen
dc.subject.keywordsMMCen
dc.subject.keywordsControlen
dc.subject.keywordsInteractionen
dc.subject.keywordsExperimental demonstrationen
dc.identifier.essn2079-9292en
dc.issue.number2en
dc.journal.titleElectronicsen
dc.page.initial175en
dc.volume.number11en


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    Attribution 4.0 InternationalExcept where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International