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dc.contributor.authorEgusquiza, Aitziber
dc.contributor.authorArana-Bollar, Maider
dc.contributor.authorSopelana, Amaia
dc.contributor.authorBabí Almenar, Javier
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-07T12:27:17Z
dc.date.available2022-02-07T12:27:17Z
dc.date.issued2021-10-28
dc.identifier.citationEgusquiza, A.; Arana-Bollar, M.; Sopelana, A.; Babí Almenar, J. Conceptual and Operational Integration of Governance, Financing, and Business Models for Urban Nature-Based Solutions. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11931. https://doi.org/10.3390/ su132111931en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/1266
dc.description.abstractGovernance, financing, and business models are deeply interlinked and relevant for the successful implementation of urban nature-based solutions (NBS). However, during the definition of urban NBS projects the importance and interrelation of these models are usually neglected. To overcome this limitation, this paper presents an overarching framework (conceptual and operational) and a derived preselection web tool which interrelate governance, financing, and business models for NBS projects. First, based on recent literature, governance, financing, and business models that could be applied to NBS were mapped, and their integration proposed. Later, key contextual factors influencing NBS implementation were identified. They form the basis of a WHAT–WHO–HOW framework that structures the links between specific NBS projects, their implementation context, and the most suitable models. From that framework, and an analysis of 50 successful NBS case studies, a suitability matrix was developed with known models. The matrix allows pairing types of NBS and their initiating actors with suitable financing and governance models. Lastly, a tailored NBS business model canvas was designed to evaluate the business model components. From the overarching framework, the preselection web tool was created to guide decision-making on suitable governance, finance, and business models in the early phases of NBS projects.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 730468en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)en
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleConceptual and Operational Integration of Governance, Financing, and Business Models for Urban Nature-Based Solutionsen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su132111931en
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/730468/EU/Nature Based Solutions for re-naturing cities: knowledge diffusion and decision support platform through new collaborative models/Nature4Citiesen
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsNature-based solutionsen
dc.subject.keywordsImplementation modelsen
dc.subject.keywordsGovernanceen
dc.subject.keywordsFinancingen
dc.subject.keywordsBusiness modelsen
dc.subject.keywordsUrban areasen
dc.identifier.essn2071-1050en
dc.issue.number21en
dc.journal.titleSustainabilityen
dc.page.initial11931en
dc.volume.number13en


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    Attribution 4.0 InternationalExcept where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International