Pd-based membranes performance under hydrocarbon exposure for propane dehydrogenation processes: Experimental and modeling
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In this work, a novel Pd–Ag double-skinned (DS-) membrane is used for the first time in conditions typical of propane dehydrogenation (PDH). This membrane presents a protective layer on top of the H2-selective one, which acts as shield against chemical deactivation and mechanical erosion under reaction conditions. While the protective layer is already been proven as an efficient barrier against membrane erosion in fluidized beds, there is no validation yet under PDH reaction. The DS- membrane performance is compared with a conventional (C-) Pd–Ag membrane under alkane/alkene exposure, at 400–500 °C and 3 bar, to investigate whether the incorporation of the protective layer would be suited for H2 separation in PDH systems, and if coking rate would be affected. The novel membrane shows a H2 permeance of 2.28 × 10−6 mol∙m−2 s−1∙Pa−1 at 500 ᵒC and 4 bar of pressure difference, overcoming the performance of the conventional PdAg one (1.56x∙10−6 mol m−2 s−1∙Pa−1). Both membranes present a ...