3D numerical simulation of slope-flexible system interaction using a mixed FEM-SPH model
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Author/sJimenez Fernandez, Jose Carlos; Castanon-Jano, Laura; Gaute Alonso, Alvaro; Blanco-Fernandez, Elena; Gonzalez Fernandez, Juan Carlos; [et al.]
Flexible membranes are light structures anchored to the ground that protect infrastructures or dwellings from rock or soil sliding. One alternative to design these structures is by using numerical simulations. However, very few models were found until date and most of them are in 2D and do not include all their components. This paper presents the development of a numerical model combining Finite Element Modelling (FEM) with Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) formulation. Both cylindrical and spherical failure of the slope were simulated. One reference geometry of the slope was designed and a total of 21 slip circles were calculated considering different soil parameters, phreatic level position and drainage solutions. Four case studies were extracted from these scenarios and simulated using different dimensions of the components of the system. As a validation model, an experimental test that imitates the soil detachment and its retention by the steel membrane was successfully reproduced.