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dc.contributor.authorHeath, Theodor
dc.contributor.authorBarnes, Mike
dc.contributor.authorJudge, Paul D.
dc.contributor.authorChaffey, Geraint
dc.contributor.authorClemow, Phil
dc.contributor.authorGreen, Tim C.
dc.contributor.authorGreen, Peter R.
dc.contributor.authorWylie, James
dc.contributor.authorKonstantinou, Georgios
dc.contributor.authorCeballos, Salvador
dc.contributor.authorPou, Josep
dc.contributor.authorBelhaouane, Mohamed Moez
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Haibo
dc.contributor.authorGuillaud, Xavier
dc.contributor.authorAndrews, Jack
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-06T09:46:47Z
dc.date.available2021-04-06T09:46:47Z
dc.date.issued2021-03
dc.identifier.citationHeath, Theodor, Mike Barnes, Paul D. Judge, Geraint Chaffey, Phil Clemow, Tim C. Green, Peter R. Green, et al. “Cascaded- and Modular-Multilevel Converter Laboratory Test System Options: A Review.” IEEE Access 9 (2021): 44718–44737. doi:10.1109/access.2021.3066261.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/1099
dc.description.abstractThe increasing importance of cascaded multilevel converters (CMCs), and the sub-category of modular multilevel converters (MMCs), is illustrated by their wide use in high voltage DC connections and in static compensators. Research is being undertaken into the use of these complex pieces of hardware and software for a variety of grid support services, on top of fundamental frequency power injection, requiring improved control for non-traditional duties. To validate these results, small-scale laboratory hardware prototypes are often required. Such systems have been built by many research teams around the globe and are also increasingly commercially available. Few publications go into detail on the construction options for prototype CMCs, and there is a lack of information on both design considerations and lessons learned from the build process, which will hinder research and the best application of these important units. This paper reviews options, gives key examples from leading research teams, and summarizes knowledge gained in the development of test rigs to clarify design considerations when constructing laboratory-scale CMCs.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported in part by The University of Manchester supported by the National Innovation Allowance project ``VSC-HVDC Model Validation and Improvement'' and Dr. Heath's iCASE Ph.D. studentship supported through Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and National Grid, in part by the Imperial College London supported by EPSRC through the HubNet Extension under Grant EP/N030028/1, in part by an iCASE Ph.D. Studentship supported by EPSRC and EDF Energy and the CDT in Future Power Networks under Grant EP/L015471/1, in part by University of New South Wales (UNSW) supported by the Solar Flagships Program through the Education Infrastructure Fund (EIF), in part by the Australian Research Council through the Discovery Early Career Research Award under Grant DECRA_DE170100370, in part by the Basque Government through the project HVDC-LINK3 under Grant ELKARTEK KK-2017/00083, in part by the L2EP research group at the University of Lille supported by the French TSO (RTE), and in part by the Hauts-de-France region of France with the European Regional Development Fund under Grant FEDER 17007725.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.en
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.titleCascaded- and Modular-Multilevel Converter Laboratory Test System Options: A Reviewen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3066261en
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsAC-DC power convertersen
dc.subject.keywordsHVDC transmissionen
dc.subject.keywordsModular multilevel convertersen
dc.identifier.essn2169-3536en
dc.journal.titleIEEE Accessen
dc.page.final44737en
dc.page.initial44718en
dc.volume.number9en


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