Unsupervised Anomaly Detection in Stream Data with Online Evolving Spiking Neural Networks
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Evolving Spiking Neural Networks
Time series data
Unsupervised anomaly detection
Unsupervised anomaly discovery in stream data is a research topic with many practical applications. However, in many cases, it is not easy to collect enough training data with labeled anomalies for supervised learning of an anomaly detector in order to deploy it later for identification of real anomalies in streaming data. It is thus important to design anomalies detectors that can correctly detect anomalies without access to labeled training data. Our idea is to adapt the Online evolving Spiking Neural Network (OeSNN) classifier to the anomaly detection task. As a result, we offer an Online evolving Spiking Neural Network for Unsupervised Anomaly Detection algorithm (OeSNN-UAD), which, unlike OeSNN, works in an unsupervised way and does not separate output neurons into disjoint decision classes. OeSNN-UAD uses our proposed new two-step anomaly detection method. Also, we derive new theoretical properties of neuronal model and input layer encoding of OeSNN, which enable more effective and ...