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dc.contributor.authorTapia, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorBianchi, Marco
dc.contributor.authorPallaske, Georg
dc.contributor.authorBassi, Andrea M.
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-22T17:48:29Z
dc.date.available2021-01-22T17:48:29Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn0965-4313en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11556/1061
dc.description.abstractThis paper deals with the territorial dimension of a circular economy. We review the territorial factors shaping closed-loop systems, upon which a territorial definition of a circular economy is developed. We consider six categories of territorial factors: (1) Land-based factors emphasize the significance of physical endowment to satisfy the growing demand of secondary and biotic materials in a circular economy; (2) agglomeration factors are important determinants for a circular economy, as these provide circular businesses with the necessary access to resources, knowledge and collaboration, as well as viable markets; some of these functions are enabled by (3) hard territorial factors, in particular by accessibility and connectivity infrastructures as well as by (4) access to state-of-the-art technologies; softer territorial factors, including (5) knowledge-related factors and (6) governance and institutional arrangements, support collaboration among companies and between them, as well as among consumers and public institutions. Our review shows that agglomeration and land-based factors contribute to define the framework conditions of circular transformations, the harder territorial factors (accessibility and technologies) enable the circular economy in practice, and the softer factors (knowledge, awareness, governance and milieus) contribute to catalyse circular transformations. These findings base and complement research done in the ESPON CIRCTER project.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by ESPON 2020 Cooperation Programme.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherRoutledgeen
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.titleTowards a territorial definition of a circular economy: exploring the role of territorial factors in closed-loop systemsen
dc.typearticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/09654313.2020.1867511en
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordsCircular economyen
dc.subject.keywordsClosed-loop systemsen
dc.subject.keywordsResource efifciencyen
dc.subject.keywordsTerritorial factorsen
dc.identifier.essn1469-5944en
dc.journal.titleEuropean Planning Studiesen
dc.page.final20en
dc.page.initial1en


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