The Weldability of Duplex Stainless-Steel in Structural Components to Withstand Corrosive Marine Environments
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There is still a considerable gap in the definition of the weldability of Duplex Stainless Steel (DSS). A lack of clarity that is explained by the standard specification of the maximum content of equivalent carbon that defines a “weldable” steel coupled with the fact that the alloying elements of DSS exceed this defined limit of weldability. In this paper, welding quality in an inert environment and in presence of chlorides is analyzed with the aim of defining optimum welding conditions of 2001, 2304, and 2205 DSS. The same procedure is followed for a hybrid weld between DSS 2205 and a low carbon mild steel, S275JR. As main output, this study defined the optimal welding conditions with tungsten inert gas without filler for each type of DSS weld that showed excellent anti-corrosion performance, with the exception of the DSS 2205-S275JR weld where widespread corrosion was observed. Additionally, this study established a relationship between the thermal input during welding and ...